Mostly, I talk about the four Scandinavian countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden) as an entity but people sometimes ask me to treat the “Finnish situation” separately because of the unique underlying facts (see 2nd poster below).

One of my presentations at FIU, Florida International University, with its extensive Jewish Studies Program and a vast array of permanent and changing exhibits at its Jewish Museum, is accessible through

FIU also published an interview with me on p. 3 of
FIU Hofstadter











Interest in Finland is even more heightened when I talk about how Wehrmacht and SS troops fought side-by-side with not only Finnish but Jewish-Finnish soldiers. As co-belligerents (not allies) Germany and Finland shared a common enemy in the Soviet Union.






There are well-documented stories from this period, and I make them come alive by using relevant visuals. Among them are pictures of a jovial-looking man appearing next to the infamous Heinrich Himmler during his visits to Finland. Who is this man and how did he influence history?

To request a presentation by me, please email me at